Whether you’re looking for a job in a Spanish-speaking country or already have one, writing formal letters in Spanish is a task that every businessperson has to tackle at one point or another. I used to have a hard time with anything formal because my work has mostly been on the creative side of things. I can’t even wear a tie without feeling like I’m being strangled by a very weak yet determined man! However, I had to learn how to be formal if I wanted to advance in my career. Some people prefer formalities, others don’t really mind, but having this skill is important if you want to sound serious about what you’re doing and convince others of the quality work you’re showing. So today I’ll give you formal words and phrases so that you can write those important letters without worry!
Titles and job descriptions
People in Latin America’s business world take titles very seriously. Some might even get offended if you don’t address them properly! So before you find out if they’d rather be called by their first name it’s always a good idea to call them by their title. Here’s a list of the most common titles, greetings, and relevant job descriptions:
- Lic.: Short for Licenciado. This title is given to people who have graduated from college in most of Latin America and Spain. Licenciaturas are different than an undergraduate degree, though. They last longer (about 4-6 years) and they stand between undergraduate and graduate school in terms of information given. This one is commonly used for lawyers too.
- Dr.: You can probably figure this one out. Doctores are highly regarded in most if not all of the globe, and they tend to be proud of their title – with good reason. Becoming a doctor sure is difficult!
- Sr./Sra.: Short for Señor y Señora. These are used for formal events like weddings, graduations, religious ceremonies, etc.; however, they also work for business if you don’t know the recipient’s specific title. Their English counterparts are Mr. and Mrs.
- Srta.: Short for Señorita. Much like its English counterpart Miss, this applies to unmarried women. It’s kind of old fashioned if you ask me, but it’s still widely used in Latin America. Fun fact: we do have a neutral word to address women in Spanish – Seño! This applies to all women, but it’s very informal and not suitable for a letter.
- Ing.: Short for Ingeniero. Engineering jobs are highly esteemed in Latin America, and while you can call them Sr. or Sra., it’s respectful to call them Ing. instead.
- Prof.: Short for Profesor. This refers to college professors and it’s useful to know if you’re going to be working in a university abroad.
Additionally, when addressing someone on the envelope of the letter, remember to add the word presente after the title and name, since this is how we usually address someone in formal letters. A made-up example would be: Dr. Raúl Morataya, presente.
Greetings and Salutations
English is a language that has beauty in its simplicity. Instead of having three different formality levels, there’s only ‘you,’ and instead of having lots of ways to greet someone in a letter or email, there’s simply ‘Dear,’ which is simpler if you ask me.
- Estimado: In Spanish, there are two levels of formality when writing a letter: Querido / Estimado. These translate literally to Loved / Esteemed, but they serve the same function as the English ‘Dear.’ Querido is informal while Estimado is formal.
- A quien interese: Translates to ‘to whom it may concern’.
- Al departamento de: Translates to ‘to the department of:’ (and you put the type of department afterward – marketing, accountability, etc.).
Now that you’ve properly addressed the recipient, it’s time to say hi! These are some ways to greet someone in a formal letter:
- Reciba usted un cordial saludo: ‘I give you a warm greeting’
- Espero se encuentre gozando de buena salud: ‘I hope you’re in good health’
- Espero esta carta le encuentre bien: ‘I hope this letter finds you well’
- Mediante la presente, quisiéramos comunicarle que: ‘Through this medium we’d like to tell you’
- El motivo de la carta es: ‘The purpose of this letter is’
- Por la presente, quisiéramos hacerle llegar nuestra invitación: ‘Through this medium, we’d like to extend our invitation’
- Quisiera solicitar el puesto de: ‘I would like to apply for the job of’
- Le escribo para consultar acerca de: ‘I am writing to inquire about’
- Lamento informarle: ‘I regret to inform you that’
- Estamos felices de informarle: ‘We’re pleased to inform you that’
Farewell and sign off
Now that you’ve successfully expressed yourself, it’s time to say goodbye. These are some useful phrases to end a formal letter
- Atentamente: ‘Sincerely’
- Le agradezco de antemano: ‘Thank you in advance’
- Cordialmente: ‘Cordially’
- Se despide, Atentamente: ‘I take my leave, sincerely’
- Un cordial saludo: ‘Cordial greetings’
- Cuento con usted, atentamente: ‘I count on you, sincerely’
- Quedo a la espera de su respuesta: ‘I await your response’
- Sin otro particular, se despide atentamente: ‘Without further ado, sincere farewell’
You may have noticed the word Atentamente shows up quite a lot. While it’s letter-writing parallel is ‘Sincerely’, its literal translation means ‘attentively.’ Both words have the same use in a letter but carry different meanings, so keep that in mind!
Here’s an example letter to guide you through the motions of writing a letter:
Estimado Ing. Pérez,
Espero se encuentre gozando de buena salud. Mediante la presente, quiero comunicarle mi agradecimiento por dar de su tiempo para reunirse con la junta directiva la semana antepasada. Estamos felices de informarle que su propuesta de asesoría al personal mantenimiento de maquinaria pesada nos ha parecido de interés, por lo que cordialmente lo invitamos a la planta para negociar los honorarios que recibirá en caso desee aceptar trabajar con nosotros.
Un cordial saludo,
And here’s the example translated:
Dear Mr. Pérez,
I hope you’re in good health. Through this letter I would like to thank you for your time spent at the meeting with the board two weeks ago. We’re glad to inform you that your proposal regarding the consulting services you offered to provide to our heavy machinery maintenance personnel seems to be of interest to us. We cordially invite you to our central plant to negotiate the payment you’ll receive in case you choose to accept working with us.
And there you have it! This info will help you show Spanish speakers you mean business. If you want to blow your Spanish-speaking clients away, why not take a free class at Homeschool Spanish Academy to drastically improve your language skills?
If you grew up (or are still growing up!) in the church, you know that youth group is a big part of the church community. It is a place where teens and pre-teens can come together, find community, have fun, and learn about God in a more relatable way. I personally remember attending several different youth groups because it was a great way to find friends outside of school. One youth group even had their facility open every day after school, and I would go and do homework or just hang out with other kids and the staff. It was a great, friendly environment, and I would always invite my friends, whether or not church was their ‘thing.’ At that age, I didn’t speak Spanish very well, so I couldn’t invite any Spanish-speaking friends to youth group with me! Hopefully, with these helpful vocab lists, you will be prepared to invite your Spanish-speaking friends to youth group in their native language.
We’ll start with some activities and people that you’ll find when you go to youth group:
Pretty straightforward, right? You can use these words to give your friends an idea of what will happen at the event. Now, you can’t predict everything will be said at youth group, but here are some phrases that you can use to invite your friend to youth group and then introduce them to the whole gang!
I hope those phrases help you get up the nerve to ask your Spanish-speaking friends to the next youth group event! Even if they can’t understand everything that happens that night, the most important thing is to make sure they feel welcome! If you have more specific phrases that you want to learn how to say in Spanish, be sure to ask your teacher in your next Spanish class! ¡Diviértete!Read More
A couple of years ago, a friend and I were on a stakeout. We sat in her car for hours on end, eating hotdogs and looking for clues. We found what we were looking for halfway through the second hotdog. A big brown dog was walking in the streets of the neighborhood where we were parked. My friend, Gaby, rescues stray dogs as a hobby. Her house always has at least 5 dogs running around! We were watching the dog because she had signs of having had puppies recently, and we wanted to know where she kept them so we could take the whole family to the shelter instead of just the brown dog. That way, the puppies could be with their mom.
In most Latin American countries stray dogs are a fairly common sight, but not all of them are having a bad time! In some places, there are ‘town dogs’ who have no owner in particular, but people from the town will feed them and give them shelter. In my previous neighborhood, the town dog was named Tocino, which translates to bacon! Pets have always been friends, companions, helpers… some even consider pets part of their family. Today, we’re going to learn about different pets and how to say their names in Spanish, see if you can guess which animal I’m talking about!
Pronounced pair-row, this is one of the first animals humans domesticated, and they’ve been with us for approximately 15,000 years! They come in many shapes and sizes, but the thing they have in common is that they will love you unconditionally. Still haven’t guessed? Let me give you another clue. They are also known as el mejor amigo del hombre, or ‘man’s best friend’. I’m of course talking about dogs! Some people keep dogs on a leash, una correa. To identify them, we give them collares, or collars.
Next, we have hurones, pronounced oo-rohn-ais. These slithery mammals were used for hunting back when we used horses to get around. They are playful, have small, sharp teeth and a long furry body. These are ferrets! They’re known for having qualities of both cats and dogs, but any ferret owner will tell you there’s much more to them than that. Ferrets are furry, or peludos, and have dientes filosos, sharp teeth! If you ever encounter an hurón juguetón, that means that your pet likes to play around a lot.
This one’s a freebie; iguana is pronounced the same in English and Spanish! The only difference is that instead of the ‘i’ sound, you have to say ‘ee’ instead. Iguanas are pets for people who like to sit down and chill out. The hardest part of owning an iguana, I’d say, is having to give them bichos, bugs for lunch; however iguanas eat vegetales too, like carrots and lettuce. Did you know the word ‘reptiles’ is the same in English and Spanish? The pronunciation changes, though. In Spanish, we say rep-tee-lays. With reptiles, it’s always a good idea to research before you buy, because our scaly friends have different diets and care instructions based on the species.
Mischievous, mysterious, and cuddly – these three words can be used to describe this next pet. Unlike perros, these animals domesticated themselves by helping humans get rid of rats and pests in exchange for food. This role was very important thousands of years ago because these pests carry disease that we couldn’t deal with back then. As a result, some cultures came to worship them, and I would argue that we still worship them today on the walls of the internet. If you haven’t guessed by now, I’m talking about cats! Cats eat ratas, or rats. They catch them with their sharp garras, unless they get them trimmed at the groomer. One of the cool things about gatos is that they don’t need to be potty trained! They go by themselves on their caja de arena, or litter box.
Pájaros (pah-ha-rows) have been a source of inspiration for many artists and musicians. They can be kind, energetic, uplifting, funny, and sometimes scary. Such a wide range of personalities comes from an even wider range of species to choose from. Their most distinctive characteristic is their ability to sing. Have you guessed? I’m talking about birds! These little friends are very delicate, and another species that requires research before getting one. Birds sleep in their cages, or jaulas. They have colorful plumas on their body and they can cantar beautiful songs.
El loro, pronounced loh-roh, is a specific kind of bird. You can find loros in jokes, movies, and on buccaneer shoulders. These birds are known for being able to imitate us, imitar, and are quite popular in Latinoamérica. Naturally, I’m talking about parrots! Parrots are coloridos, meaning they can sport many colors of the rainbow in their plumas.
Let’s finish with another freebie! Hamsters are also pronounced the same in English and Spanish. The only difference being the ‘ha’ at the beginning is pronounced ‘hah’. Normally, the ‘h’ is silent in Spanish, but since the word hamster was adopted from German, we say it the same in both languages. These little guys are famous for running around, squeaking and eating sunflower seeds, or semillas de girasol. They run around in their ruedas. Don’t forget to put some viruta de madera, bedding, for your hámster to sleep on!
More pet vocabulary to practice
How many pet names did you guess? Pets are as important to us as we are to them. We have created relationships with them that enable us to grow as people through cuddles. How cool is that?! Remember to always love and care for pets and other animals, and don’t forget to practice your Spanish at Homeschool Spanish Academy!Read More
Whenever you’re learning another language, you may often hit a common stumbling block – being able to truly express what you are feeling. I often struggle with this in both languages now. Since each language has its own unique, wonderful phrases to express an idea, my brain often goes to mush as I sort out how to express what I think and need in one language, instead of the Spanglish that I normally think in. Unfortunately, not everyone I talk to can understand my Spanglish ramblings…including my husband.
I have had the amazing opportunity to be completely immersed in the Spanish language by dating and marrying someone who speaks only Spanish. He can handle a basic conversation in English, but our home language is Spanish. If you ever have the opportunity to talk with other people who speak the same languages as you do, it’s a very interesting phenomenon as you decide which language you want to speak in with that particular person – it depends on numerous factors, and it is not always the same! Either way, whether my husband one day becomes fluent in English or not, the language for our relationship is Spanish. This means that I had to learn to express how I felt in my second language. This isn’t something normally taught in a high school Spanish class, so I learned as I went.
If you are in the same position as me, or if you are just wanting to take your Spanish to a whole other level and be able to truly express yourself in Spanish, this blog is for you! We are going to look at several common phrases that you can use with your significant other – whether it’s Valentine’s Day or not!
To be completely honest, I am not a huge fan of lovey-dovey names for your significant other in English. I don’t know what it is about them, but I just don’t feel comfortable using them with my partner. However, I am a big fan of (most) Spanish pet names. Check them out!
The first ones seem great right? My love, queen, heaven – those sound great. But my daughter? Fatty? Aren’t we talking about or beloved significant other? These may sound funny, or even offensive, in English, but trust me – they do not all have the same connotation in Spanish. Mija is actually my favorite pet name that my husband uses. It expresses so much love, warmth, and affection in just one word. Now, you’ve probably heard mamita or papito used a lot, mostly in flirtatious conversations. While these two names are very often used to pursue someone and comment on their physical appearance, they can be used in a much more caring and loving way between a couple. Or, if you want to comment on your partner’s lovely physical appearance, you can use these words. Speaking of physical appearance, let’s talk about flaco/gordo. Yes, it sounds absolutely awful in English. However, these are very endearing terms in Spanish. My husband is my no means fat, nor is he skinny. Despite that, I have called him both mi gordo and mi flaco. Why? It’s endearing! He is also (sometimes) allowed to call me his gorda/flaca because these are not degrading terms about my weight but a way to tell me he loves me and my body.
It is very important to note that these words are not just for couples. If you walk through the market in Antigua, Guatemala, you will hear the vendors calling you any of these names to make you feel like the most important person in the world… and get you to buy their product. I have to tell you – it often works on me. Hearing people call me ‘queen, beautiful, and heart’ really puts me in a good mood! It is also very common to call kids ‘gordo/gorda’ out of affection. My husband and I are blessed with a little one-year-old boy, and he is just the cutest. He was not a fat baby when he was born, and now that he is a toddler, he is still not a fat kid. However, what have I and everyone else called him since he was born? Gordito. It may have to do with the general squishiness of babies, but he will forever (yes, even as an adult) be my gordito.
Spanish is a very expressive language, especially when it comes to communicating your love to those you care about. These pet names can be used in many different circumstances and potentially be misconstrued, so I encourage you to be cautious using them with people who are not your significant other. I once called my friend papito thinking it was just a fun nickname, and his face went bright red. Turns out it is not just another nickname but has a more sensual meaning. Oops! Learn from my mistakes, and make sure the nicknames you are using are appropriate for the situation.
One of my favorite things about Spanish is the many ways to describe your feelings. In English, we say we love everything; we have one word, ‘love,’ for everything. I love pizza, movies, sleeping, my dog, my sister, my husband. The reality is that our feelings are different for each of these things, and Spanish offers us more ways to express those particular feelings. For a more in-depth look at these phrases, click here.
Alright, we have our pet names and different verbs to express our level of love for someone. However, there is so much more to look at when we think about expressing our deep feelings for our significant other.
I hope all these phrases will help you better express yourself to your significant other in Spanish! It is important to note that all of these phrases use the pronoun tú to refer to your other half. Not all couples refer to each other with tú. Some couples keep it formal with usted to express respect for each other, while others use vos to express a deep closeness. Use whichever pronoun you feel most comfortable with, but make sure to change the verb conjugations accordingly!
Spanish Poems about love
If you are looking for some beautiful sayings and quotes in Spanish to put on a card or send to your significant other, try one of these!
Prefiero un minuto contigo a una eternidad sin ti.
“I prefer one minute with you than an eternity without you.”
Te amé, te amo y te amaré. Aunque pasaran cien años y mi corazón ya esté cansado y quiera dejar de latir, quiero que sepas que mi último latido será para ti.
“I loved you, I love you, and I will love you. Even when a hundred years have passed and my heart is tired and wants to stop beating, I want you to know that my last heartbeat will be for you.”
En la tierra, en la luna, en las estrellas, en marte, en cualquier parte del universo. En la lluvia, en el frío, en el dolor y el temor, en el laberinto sombrío y los caminos más difíciles de cruzar, pero contigo, sin contratos ni condiciones.– Irene T. Gómez
“On Earth, on the moon, in the stars, on Mars, in any part of the universe. In the rain, in the cold, in pain and fear, in the gloomy labyrinth and the most difficult paths to cross, but with you, without contracts or conditions.”
Eres mi promesa de nunca romper, eres cada uno de los latidos de mi corazón. Eres mi sonrisa, después de un mal día, eres vida, eres mi vida.– Robinson Aybar
“You are my promise of never breaking; you are every one of my heartbeats. You are my smile after a bad day. You are life; you are my life.”
Te quiero no por quien eres, sino por quien soy cuando estoy contigo.– Gabriel García Márquez
“I love you not for who you are, but because of who I am when I’m with you.”
Tardé una hora en conocerte y solo un día en enamorarme. Pero me llevará toda una vida lograr olvidarte.
“It took an hour for me to meet you and just a day for me to fall in love. But it will take a whole lifetime to be able to forget you.”
Share the love!
Take everything that you’ve learned here and go express your love to your significant other! You can use whole quotes, bits and pieces, or just the pet names to express what you are feeling in Spanish. Don’t forget to practice what you’ve learned with our native Spanish-speaking teachers! You can sign up for a FREE class here! You can come up with some sentences of your own in Spanish and run it by them – they would love to help!
For more practice, check out our video on the different ways to say ‘I love you’ in Spanish. You can get a first-hand glimpse of how many Spanish speakers use different phrases to express themselves. Test your Spanish skills with the video as well by seeing how much you understand. Then, follow along with the subtitles to check your comprehension.Read More
Social media is one of the most powerful tools we have at our fingertips for language learning. Are you using it in the right way? It turns out that we can continue to enjoy the time spent on our favorite social media sites while we practice our Spanish skills by following some of the top creative and educational Spanish-speaking personalities on the web. No matter where in the world you may be, you can take advantage of the Spanish-immersion experience that these media channels provide with just a few clicks. Here we have compiled a list of the Top 8 Spanish-Speaking People You Should Follow if you would like to improve your language skills, learn more vocabulary, and have fun doing it. ¡Comencemos!
Eight Spanish-Speaking People to Follow
Social Media Resources for Beginners
If you happen to feel intimidated by the list we provided above, don’t worry! We all start somewhere and we’ve got something for you, too. If you consider yourself a beginner Spanish-learner and you would like to know who to follow for grammar tips and quick lessons, check these out:
Would you like to study up on social media vocabulary words in Spanish? Check out our mini-poster here!
Following for Fluency
Boost your language learning powers by adding this list of Spanish speakers and teachers to your social media. By engaging with their material on a daily basis, you are sure to improve your skills. If you would like to practice what you learn with a native Spanish teacher from Guatemala, join a free class from Homeschool Spanish Academy. You’ll be speaking Spanish after the first class, guaranteed!