We talk to people every day – on the street, in the store, at home – and rarely think about how amazing it is that we can actually communicate with them. We constantly take for granted our ability to converse with those around us.
Now, 58.9 million of our neighbors here in the States are Spanish-speakers. Imagine that for a moment. There is an impressive language barrier between us and almost 20% of the population. How can we bridge that gap and begin to communicate more fully with our neighbors? Well, we can start by perfecting our Spanish-learning process.
Why the Traditional Methods of Learning Spanish are Flawed
Let’s think about how most of us have tried to learn Spanish…
- Workbooks with reading and writing exercises
- Large classroom settings
- Non-native Spanish speaking instructors
- Software (free or paid) with audio recordings
- Classes only 1 or 2 times per week
Did one of these methods work for you? More than likely, they did not because these techniques utilize the wrong parts of the brain.
Flaws in the Traditional Methods
Remember the list we made of the different ways we normally try to learn Spanish? Those are what we are going to call ‘traditional learning methods.’ Let’s explore further to see where exactly they went wrong.
If you’re like me and went to public school, the norm was that you took about a year of foreign language in middle school before it became a requirement in high school. Since I studied in Texas, Spanish was the most logical choice of a second language. However, it wasn’t like I had much of a choice since German and French were my only other options. So, I began to study Spanish only because of its practicality. Now, on a personal level, Spanish was my least favorite class. I was a pretty good student overall, but matter how hard I tried, I couldn’t do better than a B- (yes, I know – I was an overachiever).
At some point, I owned the fact that I wasn’t good at learning languages and just gave up. I stopped trying, which was quite contrary to my personality.
Looking back, I can point to several things that probably held me back.
Common Learning Errors
- Large Classes: I was in a 5A district, studying at a high school of 5000+ students. My graduating class was about 1000 students. In other words, the classrooms were consistently filled to capacity.
- Limited Attention: Due to the high student count, how much attention could one teacher realistically give to any one student? How does anyone stay focused when they’re just another face in the crowd?
- Limited Practice: Our classes, if I remember correctly, were approximately 50 minutes. They later shifted to an hour and twenty minutes in high school. Within those 80 minutes, I experienced about 10 minutes of actual application time. However, we weren’t speaking with actual native speakers. Instead, we stammered broken phrases to other non-Spanish speakers for a couple of minutes until we got distracted by a more interesting topic.
- Workbooks: Given the limited class practice time, most of the actual Spanish work was assigned as homework. This meant that we mainly learned about the reading and writing rules of the Spanish language in class, and perfected them (or at least attempted to) outside of class. I would actually argue that my reading and writing got pretty decent, but I couldn’t speak the language if my life depended on it.
In hindsight, it’s clear that my Spanish journey was flawed since day one. I was learning how to read and write in Spanish, but I barely flexed my auditory & speaking muscles. The lessons, activities, and practice works were constantly reinforcing reading and writing in Spanish, nothing else.
Now let me be clear. I’m definitely not saying that software and textbooks that focus on those learning areas are insignificant. I truly believe they can be helpful. However, I’m simply saying that they are only one part of a much bigger picture. We need various tools to activate the key areas of the brain that will help us effectively learn Spanish fast.
Before we can begin to learn Spanish fast, we must have a better understanding of how the brain functions when learning a language.
How the Brain Works
The brain is a very complex organ in the human body. It controls everything we do. Whether that’s reading, writing, or speaking, the brain has to be trained, over time, to know how to complete those tasks.
Although the brain is much more complex than what we can delve into here today, it is clear from looking at this diagram that different language functions are primarily controlled by distinct areas of the brain.
What this shows us is that when we try to learn a language with just reading or writing exercises, it isn’t very effective because we aren’t exercising the part of the brain that controls speech. We are learning only half of what we need to become fluent in Spanish.
In other words, as a learning audience, we have been studying and learning Spanish incorrectly.
In a nutshell, our brain accomplishes any task by firing or sending electrical signals to different regions of the brain. These signals then travel through the body to the muscles that you want to use. Let’s say, for example, you want to say something. Your brain would first send out signals to different parts of the brain to recall the words and sentence structure you need. Then, it would signal your muscles to move correctly and get your vocal cords to produce the correct sound. All at the same time. Whoa! That’s a lot of tasks! No wonder it’s a hard thing to learn, huh?
Becoming More Efficient
These electrical signals we just talked about travel along something called ‘axons.’ However, the further the signals have to travel, the more energy they lose. Luckily, our axons are wrapped in a fatty substance called myelin, which helps maintain energy. You can think of axons like the coaxial cables of the brain.
When we’re younger, this myelin fatty substance is quite thin. The more we ‘practice’ specific tasks, though, the more resources your body dedicates to that axon and thickening the myelin. This, in turn, produces a very well insulated pathway for that particular electrical signal. In this TED video that explores the idea further, they refer to it as something “similar to an information superhighway.”
Logically speaking, as a signal becomes fast and more efficient, the result should appear quicker and better, right?
Targeting the Correct Objective
The answer is yes. But to make that signal faster, we need to practice the right tasks. If we want to create efficient pathways in our brain for speaking Spanish but never say a word, those pathways will never develop. We must target the correct objective when we learn Spanish.
At this point, I can probably conclude that I did not excel in high school Spanish because the curriculum and activities were creating and reinforcing axon pathways in my brain specifically for reading and writing. Had I been able to converse and develop pathways for speaking, I would have been more proficient in communicating in Spanish. There’s a common saying, “practice how you’ll execute,” and it rings true for language learning.
More Than Practice: Quality and Effectiveness
The video I previously mentioned goes on to point out that although practice is necessary to build up the myelin along your axons, it’s not the only thing needed to develop mastery over any skill, including speaking Spanish.
This explains why repeating a bunch of words randomly or without context, often does NOT lead to Spanish fluency. So, we have talked about how traditional learning methods are ineffective. What’s the correct way to learn Spanish quickly, then?
How We Do It:
At Spanish Academy, we’ve developed a unique method of teaching Spanish that centers around five key concepts represented by the acronym RAMMA. These letters stand for:
Our classes are either 1-on-1 or 2-on-1, giving you the ability to talk about things that are relevant to your life. This does a couple of things. First, it gives your brain a point of reference and allows you to contextualize and process what’s going on. It also aids in pushing the information into your long term memory.
Because the information is relevant to your experience, you’re naturally more engaged in the class. Studies show time and time again*** that when you are attentive, your brain is more likely to retain the information.
Now that your classes are relevant to your experiences, you can learn Spanish through a lens you are familiar with. This gives meaning and perspective to your Spanish learning journey. Instead of just learning a bunch of generic words and phrases that you might never use, you will actually learn useful and meaningful vocabulary, grammar, and conversation skills.
Just like being attentive allows you to store information in your long-term memory, giving meaning to the context allows you to do the same. All that context, perspective, and meaning lets you process and store this information a lot faster than if you were to just try and memorize things a list of words.
Of course, repetition plays an important part in language learning. That’s where the last letter comes in: A for accountability. To continue with something that’s difficult, you need guidance and direction – or accountability. This is one of the most important things that people forget about or don’t include in their learning regiment because they don’t think it’s important. However, it can actually shorten your learning curve by avoiding mistakes that you would otherwise make. Think of your Spanish teacher (or some accountability partner) like Google Maps. You’re still able to get to where you need to go without Google Maps, but it’s a lot faster if you have it guiding you along the way.
Learn Spanish Fast
In my travels, there’s a joke that I’ve encountered many times over – as I’m sure many of you probably have. It goes something like this…
“What do you call someone that knows three languages?”
“What do you call someone who knows two languages?”
“What do you call someone who knows one language?”
Crazy right? But, there’s some truth to the joke. In many parts of America, there are people who feel that other languages should not be spoken or used in public.
Without getting political, I think one of the reasons for this, is that people find it really hard to learn Spanish or any other language. And it is challenging, don’t get me wrong. But it can be easier than people make it out to be if they practice and learn Spanish correctly.
So, it’s time to throw out those traditional methods and start learning Spanish effectively today. Click here to learn even more about how our program can help you learn Spanish fast, or go ahead and sign up for a free class. We can’t wait to see you in class!
About the author
Ron went from zero to Spanish fluency in 3 months after he left his high-paying consultant gig to become a director of a school for impoverished kids in Guatemala in 2009 – dove into the deep end. In 2010, he saw an opportunity for a real business and began his company in his tiny apartment. As the CEO/Founder of Homeschool Spanish Academy & Spanish Academy TV, he loves making an impact in students’ lives and also really loves chocolate.
If you’d like to learn more about how the brain works, check out this TED video. Or watch this one to discover how to learn Spanish in only 6 months! These videos go more in-depth with the ideas discussed in this blog.
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Choosing a language program presents parents with a barrage of choices. The good news is there is no need to panic – researchers, teachers and students the world over have found language is best acquired and retained in an immersion class.
What is immersion?
Immersion is actually a balance between what teachers call ‘L1’, the student’s native language, and ‘L2’, the new language. A good program will use the student’s mastery of English to support and encourage the acquisition of new words and phrases in Spanish.
There are a few ways teachers and programs achieve this. One is with a lot of visuals. This includes gestures, modelling, real-life objects to help illustrate a theme or situation and lots of pictures or videos. Another is open-ended questions that encourage conversation as opposed to inquiries that only garner a basic “yes” or “no”.
Students new to a program will use some English to start, but over time will depend on their new language to build their fluency.
The Problem with Non-Immersion Classes
Automated programs like Rosetta Stone make the claim that a student can learn their second language the same way they learned their first. In other words, tap into your former, baby brain and use it to acquire a whole new set of vocabulary.
There is a major issue with this approach – a brain grows up. And by growing, a brain makes significant changes in its connections and processes from year to year. While a three-month old brain can perceive any number of phonemes or distinct sounds within words, a one-year old brain is no longer able to do this. By that age, babies only respond to words and sounds they already know.
Young children also get the opportunity to guess at a lot of words. A small child of three might call a spoon a fork, for example. Parents are there to correct them over time and steer them towards the right answers.
Some programs have copied this, allowing language students to guess at which word matches which picture. While this technique works for babies, it’s ineffective for everyone else. After all, a student can accidentally guess the right answer any number of times, but getting lucky isn’t an effective way to learn.
Benefits of Immersion
Immersion style learning helps a lot because it shifts a learner’s first language into something new without allowing for a lot guesses. It’s a more natural and instinctive approach.
Most of us need to know some basic things with language like how to ask “What’s your name?” or “How much for milk?” With immersion, a learner takes the phrase he or she already knows and transforms it into “¿Cómo te llamas?” or “¿Cuánto cuesto el leche?”
Yes, the grammar and structure is a bit different, but the idea is the same. This crossover helps make for better understanding and retention.
Students who learn in an immersive style have a lot more confidence in their new language and feel much better entering a conversation with new people who might not speak any English. Most importantly, it means your son or daughter will actually speak a language, not a smattering of words or random phrases, and that is real bilingualism.
Ready to give HSA’s immersive program a try? Sign up for a free class today.Read More
Homeschool Spanish Academy (HSA) has a unique curriculum and teaching style that can be tailored to the varied needs of students of all ages and levels. The immersive teaching style helps students to learn quickly and in a more natural manner. HSA also offers live online tutoring with certified instructors to create the best means of learning possible. HSA stands by their teaching style, but what is that makes this approach truly effective?
Here are some of the practices that HSA uses to keep your child engaged, excited to speak Spanish and confident in their linguistic skills.
Classes on Your Child’s Level
One point that HSA takes a lot of pride in is that they can tailor your child’s classes to their grade level or interests. While the basic curriculum remains the same, each teacher has a bit of freedom as to pace, adjusting the amount of time spent writing or speaking as needed or just adding in a bit more conversation.
Many students find that traditional classes goes too slow or too quickly for their style of learning. This often leads to students giving up either from frustration or boredom and hinders learning.
When a teacher can see how a student learns and then responds to that student as an individual as opposed to another face in the crowd, everything changes. Suddenly, class is a place where your child feels supported and the real learning begins.
Time for Review
One of the elements of language learning that can make it overwhelming is the sheer number of words, grammar rules and exceptions that students have to juggle as the semester advances. This is why time for reflection is so important.
Students retain their new vocabulary and master grammar rules when they have a chance to revisit them. Review sessions pull double duty – they serve as a warm up and get learners ready for new material, but it also reinforces the past lessons in the student’s mind. While it can be tempting to power through old lessons and focus on new words and phrases, review truly is key to making students confident Spanish speakers.
Real Conversation and Interaction
As a parent, you have a lot of choices for online classes, but very few offer a live, in-person teacher. The majority rely on automated lessons your child can click through.
When students have an actual teacher to interact with during class and tutoring sessions, the learning dynamic changes. Knowing that a real person is on the other side of his or her lesson means they can go beyond staring at a screen and develop a connection with their educator. It also opens the door to natural, organic conversation in Spanish to help reinforce your child’s skills and become a bilingual learner.
Sign up for a free class today to see for yourself just how effective HSA tutoring is for learners of all ages. Click here to schedule your session.Read More
Your child is ready to take on Spanish as a second language and you want to give them all the support you can. You want a program that can be tailored to his or her pace of learning, that gives them access to a great teacher and that you can trust to teach your child as authentically as possible. Simply put, you want to find the most effective online homeschool Spanish program for your child.
Homeschool Spanish Academy offers more than just a new computer program. It helps your child build confidence in their language skills with the help of a true, one-on-one class made especially for them. Here are a few reasons why HSA has so many success stories among for homeschool students.
Student to Teacher learning
Many programs offer a pre-fabricated, software-based language-learning system that are exactly the same for each student sitting in front of the computer. While this isn’t necessarily always a negative, it comes with complications. Students can’t clarify vague points in the lesson, there is no homework or review assigned to the learner and, most importantly, no emotional connection between the teacher and student.
When a learner has a teacher to greet at the top of each lesson, it changes how e or she interacts with the program. Knowing that someone is there to help, to cheer them on and keep them motivated turns what would otherwise be a passive experience into an active one. Most importantly, teachers can customize the lessons to each student; making the lesson and application real to them in a way that will stay with them. Students at HSA love their teachers and truly enjoy their time with them.
A Smart, Kid-Centered Curriculum
It can be difficult to develop a language program, particularly when it’s creators don’t know much about their demographic. Most assume the people taking their coursework will be adults, not kids, so they gear their program towards formal and professional language.
At HSA, we take opposite approach. We help students who want to start early and keep learning for a long time. By creating their curriculum with children in mind, we help students learn how to talk about their families, friends and interests – the things that matter to THEM – in an authentic way. Instead of asking, “What is the cost of the caviar?” they learn to say “I have a new baby brother!”
A Personalized Program
No two students learn the same way at the same pace. We are focused on making the experience of learning Spanish one the is effective for each student, delivered in a way that will make using Spanish is real life effortless and fun!
When students have difficulties with topics and concepts, you can communicate with their instructor about finding the right approach to help them succeed. If the lessons are a bit easy, our instructors can provide more unique challenges, a faster pace or for ideas on what more you can do to keep Spanish fun and challenging.
Students love Homeschool Spanish Academy because we teach them to use Spanish in real life conversation. To be able to read in more than one language, watch foreign films or call up a relative in Columbia feels like acquiring a super power. HSA understands their perspective and uses it to give them the best speaking and comprehension skills they can.
Ready to try our effective online homeschool Spanish program? Click here to sign up for your free class today.Read More