Master the Map of Latin America: Free PDF and Geography Lesson
The map of Latin America is a vast area of fascinating variety. In this blog post, learn some basic facts about each country in the map of Latin America, including the capital, population, GDP, flag, and more!
Off we go!
Countries in the Map of Latin America
The countries we’ll explore in the map of Latin America are written in order of appearance from north to south. First, you will find Mexico and at last, you will find Argentina.
1. Mexico (México)
Mexico in the map of Latin America:
Capital: City of Mexico
Population: 127.6 million (2019)
GDP (2018): $1.22 trillion (current US$)
Mexico is the land of tacos, sombreros, and music. It’s an extensive country and its people vary as widely as its beautiful landscapes. Here are three interesting facts about Mexico that might inspire you to visit this great country!
- Mexico City is sinking at a rate of about 10 inches a year, as the city pumps draw water from the lake that supports it.
- Commonly, Mexican kids get presents on January 6th, instead of Christmas. They do celebrate Christmas (birth of Jesus), however, they receive the real presents the day the Three Wise Men arrived to give gifts to Jesus.
- Mexico City is the oldest city in North America. Although many believe the oldest city in North America is St. Augustine, Mexico City was actually founded a little over 40 years before it, in 1521.
Cuba in the map of Latin America:
Capital: La Habana
Population: 11.33 million (2019)
GDP (2018): 100 billion (current US$)
Cuba is a fascinating country. From its history to its nature, it has always been a place of intrigue and beauty. There are facts about this country that will amaze you. Check them out!
- Cuba has nine UNESCO World Heritage sites.
- Cuba’s coastline stretches over 3500 miles.
- Residents in Cuba live in a communist regime under a totalitarian system of government. Read about the Complicated History of Cuba.
3. Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico in the map of Latin America:
Pronunciation: pwehr-to rree-koh
Capital: San Juan
Population: 3.194 million (2019)
GDP (2018): 105 billion (current US$)
About Puerto Rico
With tons of stunning beaches and year-round sunshine, Puerto Rico is a small Caribbean island that draws visitors from far and wide. But once you look beyond the ideal tropical setting, you’ll uncover all kinds of surprising and fascinating facts like the following:
- Puerto Rico is not a country, but practically behaves like one. It’s a dependency of the United States.
- Puerto Ricans are US citizens. However, they can’t vote in US Presidential Elections because they’re not one of the 50 states.
- Puerto Rico is considered the World’s Oldest Colony.
4. Dominican Republic (República Dominicana)
Dominican Republic in the map of Latin America:
Pronunciation: rreh-poo-blee-kah doh-mee-nee-kah-nah
Capital: Santo Domingo
Population: 10.75 million (2019)
GDP (2019): 88.95 billion (current US$)
About Dominican Republic
Everyone knows this gorgeous country has incredible beaches, but fewer people know about other interesting facts about it!
- Tourism is the Dominican Republic’s largest industry.
- Over 2 million Dominicans live in the US.
- Here, it’s illegal to exhibit public displays of affection.
- It has over 800 miles of coastline.
- It’s the second-largest country in the Caribbean covering an area of 18,704 square miles.
5. Haiti (Haití)
Haiti in the map of Latin America:
Capital: Puerto Príncipe (Port-au-Prince)
Population: 11.26 million (2019)
GDP (2019): 14.33 billion (current US$)
The Republic of Haiti has a lot to offer. It’s rich history and cultural depth have shaped the country into what it is today. Check these facts out!
- Haiti is the most mountainous country in the Caribbean.
- Haiti was the first country in the Western Hemisphere to abolish slavery.
- Cock fighting is an official sport in Haiti.
Guatemala in the map of Latin America:
Capital: Guatemala City
Population: 16.6 million (2019)
GDP (2018): $78.6 billion (current US$)
The largest country in Central America is a fascinating place with great history. Here are some of the most interesting facts you might not have known about Guatemala.
- The national bird lends its name to the Guatemalan currency: El Quetzal.
- It has been inhabited for 20,000 years.
- 22 languages are spoken in the country.
- The Guatemalan Civil War was the longest in Latin American history.
- It is home to the deepest lake in Central America: Lake Atitlán.
- Guatemala is famous for its more than 30 volcanoes!
Belize in the map of Latin America:
Population: 390,353 (2019)
GDP (2019): $1.88 billion (current US$)
As one of the smallest countries in Latin America, Belize will surprise you with different facts!
- Belize is the only Central American Country where English is the official language.
- Belize has the only Jaguar reserve in the world which is known as Cockscomb Basin Wildlife sanctuary.
- Belize has around 900 Maya temple sites.
- Belize is subtropical, with a mean annual temperature of 80F.
8. El Salvador
El Salvador in the map of Latin America:
Pronunciation: ehl sahl-bah-dohr
Capital: San Salvador
Population: 6.454 million (2019)
GDP (2019): $27.02 billion (current US$)
About El Salvador
This tiny country will surprise you! Check these out:
- El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America. It has an area of just over 21,000 sq km which is about the same as Wales.
- It’s the only country in Central America without a Caribbean coastline.
- It has the third largest economy in Central America, behind Costa Rica and Panama.
- Despite this, 19% of the population lives on less than $1.25 a day.
- Tourism is the fastest growing sector of the Salvadoran economy.
Honduras in the map of Latin America:
Population: 9.746 million (2019)
GDP (2018): $24 billion (current US$)
Here are several facts about Honduras!
- The capital is actually two cities: Comayaguela and Tegucigalpa.
- Local buses are called Chicken buses. They’re brightly painted and look like a party on wheels.
- The name translates to “great depths” in Spanish – named by Christopher Columbus after the deep waters along the coast.
Nicaragua in the map of Latin America:
Population: 6.546 million (2019)
GDP (2018): $13.1 billion (current US$)
Nicaragua likely isn’t a destination you’ve considered, however, it has a lot to offer! Before you start planning your visit, there are some things you should know.
- Nicaragua is the second-poorest country in the Americas, next to only Haiti.
- It has the largest lake in Central America: Lake Nicaragua (8,264 square kilometers).
- Out of the 88 constellations that exist in the night sky, a whopping 86 of them can be seen vividly if you’re in Nicaragua.
11. Costa Rica
Costa Rica in the map of Latin America:
Pronunciation: kohs-ta rree-kah
Capital: San José
Population: 5.408 million (2019)
GDP (2018): $60.1 billion (in current US$)
About Costa Rica
Costa Rica has long been known as a great vacation destination, featuring amazing landscapes from beaches to mountains to incredible rain and cloud forests. However, there are plenty of interesting facts that will surprise you! Check these out:
- Every denomination of Costa Rican cash features a different landscape and animal chosen from Costa Rica’s vast biodiversity.
- Native Costa Ricans call themselves ticos and ticas.
- Costa Rica contains 5% of the world’s biodiversity.
- It has no army.
Panama in the map of Latin America:
Capital: Panama City
Population: 4.246 million (2019)
GDP (2018): $65.1 billion (current US$)
A super interesting country! See the following facts:
- The canal generates fully one-third of Panama’s entire economy.
- Panama was the first Latin American country to adopt the U.S. currency as its own.
- In Panama, you can swim in the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean on the same day.
- Panama City is the only capital city that has a rain forest within the city limits.
Now, let’s get to the South! For more information about this part of Latin America, go ahead and check the spanish-speaking Countries in South America!
Colombia in the map of Latin America:
Population: 50.4 million (2019)
GDP (2018): $331 billion (in current US$)
Colombia is known for its significant natural resources, modern cities, and a diverse culture. Here are some interesting facts about it:
- Colombia is the only country in South America that has coastlines on both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
- Colombia has a vibrant music scene. Two of the best-known Colombian musicians are Shakira and Juanes.
Venezuela in the map of Latin America:
Population: 28.52 million (2019)
GDP (2014): $480,140 million (in current US$)
Although Venezuela has been a mess for some time, its interesting facts will still surprise you!
- Venezuela only has two weather seasons, the hot and dry season and the hot and wet season.
- Schoolchildren in Venezuela can choose between attending classes in the morning or the afternoon throughout their entire school career. Older children can even choose to take night classes if they wish.
- Women from Venezuela have won Miss Universe six times and Miss World five times.
- Baseball is the most popular sport to play and watch in the country.
Guyana in the map of Latin America:
Population: 782,766 (2019)
GDP (2019): $5.174 billion (in current US$)
Here are some things you probably didn’t know about Guyana:
- Known as the ‘land of many waters,’ the world’s widest and longest single-drop waterfall is located on Guyana’s Potaro River (251 meters / 822 feet).
- Almost 80 percent of Guyana is covered in pristine, untouched rainforest.
- As a country nestled close to the equator, agriculture, fishing, and mining are Guyana’s most important economic activities.
- Guyana is situated below Sea level.
Suriname in the map of Latin America:
Population: 581,363 (2019)
GDP (2019): $3.697 billion (in current US$)
Suriname is one of the three small countries that usually get forgotten by those thinking about the different countries on the continent. However, its facts are worth knowing!
- More than half of the country’s population lives in the capital city, Paramaribo.
- Although Suriname is an independent nation, it still retains strong links with the Netherlands.
- Although there is quite a diverse population, there is very little conflict between the different religious groups in the country.
- Suriname is the smallest country in South America in terms of both its geographical size and its population.
Ecuador in the map of Latin America:
Population: 17.37 million (2019)
GDP (2018): $108 billion (current US$)
Despite its relatively small size compared with local giants Brazil and Argentina, Ecuador is home to an astounding array of wonders! Check these out:
- Ecuador is one of only two countries in South America (along with Chile) that does not share a border with Brazil.
- In 2008, Ecuador was the first country to officially recognise the rights of nature.
- Quito, Ecuador’s capital city, is 2,850m above sea level, making it the highest official capital city in the world.
- Charles Darwin visited Ecuador’s Galápagos Islands in 1835 and largely based his theory of evolution on the discoveries he made there.
18. Peru (Perú)
Peru in the map of Latin America:
Population: 32.51 million (2019)
GDP (2018): $222 billion (current US$)
Peru is a colorful land of textiles, ancient ruins, and incredible culture. Check these interesting facts about Peru to learn more about one of our favorite destinations in South America.
- Three-quarters of the world’s alpaca population lives in Peru.
- Peruvians celebrate New Year’s by gifting one another yellow underpants on New Year’s Eve to bring good luck in the coming year.
- It takes between 500 and 600 hours and up to six months to spin, dye, and weave a traditional Peruvian poncho.
- The deepest canyon in the world, Cotahuasi Canyon, is in Peru.
- The Incas in Peru were the only ancient culture in the world to define constellations of both dark and light.
Brazil in the map of Latin America:
Population: 211 million (2019)
GDP (2019): $1.84 trillion (current US$)
Check the following super interesting facts about Brazil:
- It is the biggest country in Latin America.
- Brazil’s border touches all countries on the South American continent except Chile and Ecuador.
- Brazil is the fifth-largest country in the world by land area (after Russia, Canada, United States, and China).
- Brazil was the last country in the Americas to abolish slavery, in 1888.
- Football – soccer – is by far the most popular sport in Brazil.
- Brazil is home to seven natural and 14 cultural UNESCO World Heritage-designated sites.
Bolivia in the map of Latin America:
Population: 10.4 million (2013)
GDP (2018): $40.3 billion (in current US$)
Check the following Bolivian facts that will blow your mind!
- In the Amazon, river dolphins (or Inia Geoffrensis) are pink.
- 40% of all animal and plant life on the planet can be found in Bolivia.
- Bolivia has over 30 official languages.
- Nearly 80% of the Bolivian population are Roman Catholics.
- Bolivia is one of the two landlocked countries in South America, along with Paraguay.
Chile in the map of Latin America:
Population: 18.95 million (2019)
GDP (2018): $298 billion (in current US$)
See the top things you didn’t know about Chile!
- The World’s largest swimming pool is in Chile. With a length of 1,000 yards, an area of 20 acres and a maximum depth of 115-feet. It holds over 66 million gallons of crystal clear seawater.
- The driest place on Earth, the Atacama Desert, is in Chile.
- Chile is a World Class Wine Destination, and the Ninth Largest Producer of Wine.
- The Oldest Mummy in the World is from Chile.
- Chile is Home to Five UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
- Chile is the only first-world country in Latin America (however, some people believe Argentina is also one).
Paraguay in the map of Latin America:
Population: 7.045 million (2019)
GDP (2018): $40.5 billion (current US$)
To introduce you to this South American country, here are some interesting facts you should know.
- It has two official languages: Spanish and Guarani.
- Although the currency (Guarani) is reasonably stable, it has a remarkable exchange rate: one US dollar equals 6,420 Guarani.
- Of all the countries in the world without access to the sea, Paraguay has even the largest naval power.
- 99.9% of the energy that the country produces comes from hydroelectric energy.
Uruguay in the map of Latin America:
Population: 3.462 million (2019)
GDP (2018): $59.6 billion (current US$)
Uruguay has an impressive history. Here we take a look at some fun and interesting facts about the country.
- It claims to be the birthplace of the tango (as does Argentina).
- Uruguay’s national anthem, which lasts more than five minutes, is the world’s longest in terms of performance duration.
- Uruguay is the only country in Latin America which is entirely outside of the tropics.
- In 2009, Uruguay became the first country in the world to provide every schoolchild with a free laptop and Wi-Fi access.
- Uruguay has a literacy rate of 98.1% for adults, one of the highest in the world.
Argentina in the map of Latin America:
Capital: Buenos Aires
Population: 44.94 million (2019)
GDP (2018): $520 billion (in current US$)
Check the following facts about this beautiful country!
- Argentina was one of the first countries in the world to have radio broadcasting (1920).
- Football soccer is, without a doubt, Argentina’s favorite sport.
- It is an Argentinian tradition to eat gnocchi (potato dumplings called ñoquis in Argentina) on the 29th of each month.
- Argentine women go through the highest number of plastic surgeries – per person – in the world.
- Argentina is the nation with the most Psychologists per capita in the world. Recent studies show that there are 145 psychologists per 100.000 residents. Mental health matters!
- Argentina was the first country to use fingerprinting as a method of identification (1892).
To learn even more about these countries, check out all the Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean!
Take the Next Step and Learn Spanish
Are you ready to take the next step and start learning Spanish? Homeschool Spanish Academy offers flexible scheduling, tailored Spanish packages, and high school Spanish credit with transcripts. For more free PDFs for your Spanish-learning students, follow us on Facebook and join one of our groups best fit for you:
Want to learn more about Latin American culture? Check out our latest posts!
- Teach Spanish Months of the Year: December in Spanish
- Teach Spanish Months of the Year: November in Spanish
- A Kid’s Guide to Animal Sounds in Spanish: Free Flashcards
- Teach Spanish Months of the Year: October in Spanish
- Teach Spanish Months of the Year: August in Spanish
- Teach Spanish Months of the Year: September in Spanish
- Teach the Spanish Months of the Year: July in Spanish
- Teach the Spanish Months of the Year: June in Spanish
- The 10 Most Popular Salsa Songs That Are Perfect for Learning Spanish - May 5, 2021
- 12 Breathtaking Castles in Spain - May 1, 2021
- 10 Best Spanish Actors and Actresses of 2021 - April 25, 2021