Semana Santa – All About Holy Week
¡Feliz Semana Santa!
“It’s the most wonderful time of the year. Dried flowers as carpets, fruit as carved trumpets, and colorful sawdust for everyone. It’s the happiest season of all.”
No, not Christmas. We are talking about Semana Santa, or “Holy Week” in English. This is normally the time when Christians celebrate Easter around the world. However, as always, Latin America gives it more spice, and there’s not an Easter egg in sight!
Setting the Semana Santa Scene
It is a week for the senses. Take a deep breath and smell the burning sawdust and incense you find in novelty stores that make you feel like you are in Asia. But we aren’t, remember… only Spanish-speaking countries celebrate Semana Santa!
Feast your eyes on the flowers, fruit, and dyed sawdust used to create elaborate street carpets feathered with green needles from pine trees.
These beautiful creations are for people carrying carved wooden floats depicting scenes from the crucifixion story of Jesus. Don’t worry, we will touch more on that later (just keep in mind that it’s called a procession, or procesión).
Here is an interview from Semana Santa in Antigua, Guatemala. Yes, we know it is in Spanish, but take it all in. ¡No te preocupes! We will review the main points of the interviews.
Semana Santa Vocabulary
Here is some basic Semana Santa vocabulary that should help you out:
- Los cucuruchos – people who apply to the church to carry the floats processions through the streets to express their adoration for Christ and the church.
- Cargar – to carry
- Las alfombras – colorful sawdust carpets made in the streets
- La procesión – a special parade for Semana Santa
First scene: You see all of the sawdust, flowers, and pine alfombras that we were talking about! The narration presents us with Antigua Guatemala getting ready for one of the biggest procesiones of the 7-day event: La procesión de la Merced Church.
Afterward, there is a pep talk from one of the organizers talking to the first round of 80 men who will carry this half-ton, hand-carved float from the church of La Merced along the path made of alfombras. He encourages them, saying:
Today is your time to enjoy and take pride in carrying [the float]. Maybe with a tear in your eye, thinking about the love of God and how he has given you the strength to move forward.”
This speaks to the reason why people want to participate in Semana Santa in this way. Holy Week is about Catholic devotion and acknowledgment of Jesus’ suffering in the days leading up to his crucifixion. By carrying and participating in las procesiones, you get to show devotion on a deeper level. If you watch los cucuruchos try to pick up the float, I think we can all say that they are devoted.
This concept of joy and devotion found in the Catholic Semana Santa traditions spills over into the following interviews.
The first is with a cucurucho! He talks about what an honor it is for him to have the privilege to help lead the procession out of the church. Out of all his years of participating in Semana Santa, this is the first time when he does not have to wait on another street block or at a different location to swap with the first turn of cucuruchos.
It is really exciting, especially today because of all of the devotion and love and mysticism that each cucurucho experiences when they cargan (carry).”
The father in the next interview expounds:
Being a cucurucho is considered a big privilege in Semana Santa, as the tradition is passed down through generations,”
He has been practicing the tradition of Semana Santa for 28 years in his household. He is excited to be celebrating this year with his oldest son.
People also participate as a way to celebrate their gratitude for miracles that they have seen happen in their lives. In the interview with Rosi, she explains that she especially wants to cargar this year because her father recently recovered from a long-term illness. She does it out of thankfulness.
Another fun fact that one of the interviewees points out is that Semana Santa is celebrated in most Spanish-speaking countries. The young girl, Monse, says that her family is actually from Chile, but they live in Antigua. At first, she did not like the traditions of making alfombras and having to cargar, but once her grandfather explained it to her she appreciated it from a new and fresh perspective. Most countries in Central and South America celebrate Semana Santa, but they are on a smaller scale with maybe one or two big procesiones, which is nothing compared to the whole week of procesiones in Antigua.
Now we find ourselves at a spectacular scene of music! As the cucuruchos prepare to wait at their stations to carry, the sixty-man band prepares to accompany them with some tunes. This orchestra has been preparing for 6 months just for Semana Santa! It is a full band with trumpets, flutes and, of course, crashing cymbals that can be heard from blocks away as the procesión follows the alfombras from the church.
The Final Product
It is incredible to believe that the planning and execution for only one procesión include 7,000 people and the procesión lasts for 15 hours! Throughout the week, there are 23 procesiones in Antigua. The biggest ones start at midnight on the Thursday that leads into Good Friday. People come from all over the world just to participate; turning Antigua’s population of 45,000 into a million people. The only Semana Santa comparable to that of Antigua, Guatemala is in Spain.
So how can you celebrate? The easiest way to participate in Semana Santa is to make an alfombra. We encourage you to go outside and get creative! Use flower petals and pine tree needles to set your base. Now, use those pumpkin carving skills you save for Halloween to the task to carve out figures from fruits and veggies to adorn your carpet in the street. If you need inspiration, check out this how-to guide from Labor of Love! We promise lots of fun and suspicious looks from your neighbors. The point is to enjoy yourself by participating in a tradition that has been blooming since 1521!
This has been Homeschool Spanish Academy reporting live from Antigua, Guatemala for the Semana Santa Holy Week. Please stay tuned for more fun facts, and pictures galore!
Don’t forget to talk to your Spanish teacher for more information about Semana Santa. Sign up for a free class here!
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