Science of Plants and Soil (Free Spanish Lessons for Kids)
Are you looking for an engaging Spanish lesson in science for kids?
One of the most fun and hands-on topics kids can learn are plants in Spanish. Nature is all around us and each of its components has a specific purpose for our planet’s balance.
Teaching young Spanish students about the relationship of plants and soil enhances their environmental education and awareness of their surroundings. It enables them to understand how our planet supports life.
What’s more, there is extensive and useful vocabulary related to this insightful topic that is guaranteed to elevate your child’s Spanish level.
Bring this nature lesson and activity pack to your Spanish classroom, as you teach your students all about plants in Spanish and science for kids.
Table of Contents:
- All About Plants in Spanish
- All About Soil in Spanish
- The Relationship of Soil and Plants in Spanish
- Science for Kids Lesson Activities
- Discover More Science for Kids Spanish Lessons
All About Plants in Spanish
Kids are easily drawn to nature. Being outdoors and enjoying the green surroundings is a fantastic way of providing stimulation to them.
Although children are easily interested in animals, getting them interested in plants is just as important and easy!
Plants play a fundamental part in supporting different forms of life on Earth. It’s a diverse and extensive topic, which makes a fascinating curiosity-packed lesson in science for kids.
Download FREE Science of Plants and Soil Activities in Spanish for Kids!Type your name and email below to get three activities for kids about nature in Spanish! You will receive two worksheets and a memory game
Explore more FREE SPANISH LESSONS FOR KIDS! ➡️
Enjoy over 70 unique lessons + free activity packets to download.
Functions of Plants
Las plantas (plants) are living organisms that make up el reino de las plantas (the plant kingdom).
Plants provide humans with food, medicines, fuel, fibers, and other raw materials. They provide shelter to living beings, regulate moisture, and provide food to herbivores.
Plants also bring color and beauty to our gardens, open spaces, and homes. They are essential to our survival as a species.
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Plants are alive, they grow, eat, and most importantly, produce oxygen, which is essential for life.
Top this lesson with a quick review of The Respiratory System in Spanish.
La fotosíntesis (photosynthesis) is the process where plants absorb the sunlight and transform it into energy.
Plants use this energy to convert into oxygen the carbon dioxide and water they absorb from soil and air. This dedicated effort makes plants essential for producing fresh and clean air for breathing.
Plants require specific care for thriving. This includes providing them with water, lighting, soil, and other ideal conditions.
Let’s take a look at plants in Spanish vocabulary words and phrases.
Element of Plants in Spanish
|carbon dioxide||el dióxido de carbono|
|leaf / leaves||la hoja, las hojas|
|soil||el suelo, la tierra|
Las plantas son seres vivos.
Plants are living beings.
Las plantas absorben luz a través de las hojas.
Plants absorb light through their leaves.
Las plantas transforman dióxido de carbono en oxígeno.
Plants transform carbon dioxide into oxygen.
La raíz de la planta crece en la tierra.
The root of a plant grows in soil.
El tallo de la planta es verde.
The stem of the plant is green.
El tronco del árbol es alto.
The tree trunk is tall.
Las plantas usan la fotosíntesis para transformar la luz solar.
Plants use photosynthesis for transforming sunlight.
Las plantas necesitan luz y agua para crecer.
Plants need light and water to grow.
Sembré una semilla y creció una planta.
I planted a seed and a plant grew.
Teach your kids how plants survive in harsh conditions with this educational lesson on Desert Animals and Plants in Spanish.
Types of Plants in Spanish Vocabulary
|fruit trees||los árboles frutales|
|medicinal plants||las plantas medicinales|
|vegetable plants||las hortalizas|
|weeds||la mala hierba|
El alga es una planta acuática.
Algae is an aquatic plant.
El cactus necesita poca agua para sobrevivir.
The cactus needs little water to survive.
Las flores tienen pétalos y polen.
Flowers have petals and pollen.
La enredadera se trepa en otras plantas y superficies.
Creepers climb other plants and surfaces.
El romero y la manzanilla son plantas medicinales.
Rosemary and Chamomile are medicinal plants.
Las orquídeas son plantas exóticas.
Orchids are exotic plants.
Las suculentas son plantas ornamentales.
Succulents are ornamental plants.
Mi árbol favorito es el cedro.
My favorite tree is cedar.
Las hortalizas producen alimentos.
Vegetable plants produce food.
Mi jardín tiene mucha mala hierba.
My garden has a lot of weeds.
Explore the Different Parts of a Tree in Spanish.
All About Soil in Spanish
The relationship between soil and plants in Spanish is a key topic in this science for kids lesson.
Los suelos (soils) are mixtures of organic matter, nutrients, minerals, dirt, and microorganismos. They make the surface that supports plant life.
Healthy soil has different functions in our ecosystem:
- It provides the foundation and means for plants to grow.
- It absorbs, maintains, filters, and purifies water.
- It processes nutrients for living beings to reuse them again.
- It’s the habitat of microorganisms and other animals.
- It transforms the atmosphere by absorbing gasses like carbon dioxide.
El suelo is also the base for construction of buildings, roads, and other man-made structures.
Soil also translates to la tierra (dirt) in Spanish. However, this is often a common misconception in both languages, as dirt is actually soil that has lost its productivity and nutritious components.
Dirt doesn’t have the capacity to support life anymore and requires addition of minerals and nutrients to be productive again.
Explore more FREE SPANISH LESSONS FOR KIDS! ➡️
Enjoy over 70 unique lessons + free activity packets to download.
Soil in Spanish Vocabulary
|organic matter||la materia orgánica|
El suelo contiene arcilla y arena.
Soil contains clay and sand.
La tierra es suelo sin nutrientes.
Dirt is soil without nutrients.
El suelo fértil es el que tiene condiciones ideales para las plantas.
Fertile soil is one that has ideal conditions for plants.
El suelo es una mezcla de materia orgánica, nutrientes, tierra, minerales y microorganismos.
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, nutrients, dirt, minerals, and microorganisms.
Teach your kids about the different Rocks and Minerals in Spanish.
The Relationship of Soil and Plants in Spanish
Soil works as an anchor for plants. When you plant a seed, the soil provides it with water and other natural elements necessary for growing. Once the seed starts growing roots, they are in charge of absorbing the nutritious food in the soil that surrounds them.
Soil contains arcilla (clay), arena (sand), and other sediments. It also holds organic matter such as animal remains and other natural decomposing elements. These materials provide nutrients that work as food for plants and make them strong.
Plants and their roots are also essential for preventing la erosión (erosion); which is the deterioration and excessive use of soil.
Plants and soil depend on each other, they have a mutually beneficial relationship. Without plants, our planet would lack life and would be barren.
When plants die, they become organic matter that provides nutrients to microorganisms in soil. This process is an ongoing cycle that plants constantly repeat.
El suelo le brinda agua y otros elementos a las plantas.
The soil provides water and other elements to plants.
La materia orgánica y los restos en descomposición son alimento para las plantas.
Organic matter and decomposing remains are food for plants.
Las plantas y sus raíces previenen la erosión.
Plants and their roots prevent erosion.
Las plantas y el suelo dependen el uno del otro.
Plants and soil depend on each other.
Science for Kids Lesson Activities
Put this lesson to the test with these amusing and effective classroom activities about soil and plants in Spanish.
Our printable match game has 15 science for kids concepts pertaining to this lesson.
Memoria (match game) is fantastic for memorizing vocabulary and Spanish reading. It’s a fun challenge for visual learners which enhances concentration among your students.
Potted Plants in Spanish
For this hands-on science for kids dynamic you’ll need to source the following materials:
- 2 plant pots
- 2 packs of plant seeds
- 1 bag of soil
- 1 small bag of fertilizer
- 1 small bag of pumice
You can do this in your Spanish classroom or at home. First, you will put a layer of pumice at the bottom of the pots. Fill one pot with a mixture of soil and fertilizer and the other only with soil.
Plant a different type of seed in each pot and cover it with soil. Make sure to put a label on the pots to tell them apart and watch them grow for six weeks.
Remember to encourage your students to care for each pot exactly alike, water them and provide sunlight.
Your students will use our worksheet to write down their observations and make a comparison between both pots as the plants grow.
Ultimately, the pot with pumice and fertilizer is bound to provide a more nutritious home for the plants. The goal of this activity is for your kids to fully understand how the presence of minerals can go a long way in a plant’s development and to provide an accurate description and comparison with this lesson’s vocabulary.
Get inspired for this activity by the Best Plants for Kids to Grow.
My Favorite Plant (Mi planta favorita) Show and Tell
Show and tell is an excellent classroom activity for boosting your child’s confidence in Spanish conversation.
Have your kids choose their favorite plant out of the thousands of species that exist.
Our template has different questions for them to prepare a complete, entertaining, and insightful Spanish presentation about their chosen plant.
Students will share with their peers all about their favorite plant. Including the name, illustration, where you find it, and what conditions it needs for thriving.
Parts of Plants in Spanish Worksheet
Our worksheet comes with an illustration of a plant for kids to color and identify the different parts of a plant in Spanish. Test your students’ understanding of this lesson and their knowledge of Spanish vocabulary.
Plants in Spanish Videos
YouTube has a wide selection of science for kids videos, specifically about soil and plants in Spanish.
Videos make an excellent resource for improving Spanish listening, pronunciation, and speaking.
Here is a selection for you to choose from:
- El reino de las plantas: sus características y clasificación (The Plant Kingdom: Their Characteristics and Classification)
- Curiosidades de las plantas (Curiosities About Plants)
- Las plantas y sus partes para niños (Plants and Their Parts for Kids)
- ¿Qué necesitan las plantas para vivir y crecer? (What Do Plants Need to Live and Grow?)
- El suelo (The Soil)
- El suelo y tipos de suelos (Soil and Types of Soil)
- ¿Qué es la erosión? (What is Erosion?)
Take this lesson outside with Gardening Tips and Ideas in Spanish.
Discover More Science for Kids Spanish Lessons
Learning about plants in Spanish takes your children one step closer towards becoming fluent and confident Spanish speakers. It also teaches them the value of our ecosystems and a sense of responsibility when it comes to taking care of plants.
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