Hacer Conjugation: Free Spanish Lesson, Exercises, and PDF
Some people say that the key to learning Spanish is to master its verb conjugations, and they might not be wrong. Knowing how to properly conjugate verbs in Spanish is a big milestone in the learning process of every student of the language.
However, there is no shortcut to achieving this goal. The only way to master the different sets of conjugations of Spanish verbs is by studying and memorizing them. Some verb conjugations are harder than others, but you still need a cheat sheet of conjugations like this one for each verb.
Hacer is an important verb, widely used, and with quite a unique set of conjugations. Let’s learn all there is to know about the verb hacer and its conjugations.
The Spanish Verb Hacer
Hacer is an interesting verb that means both “to do” and “to make.” It’s also irregular and one the most common verbs in Spanish. You use it in many situations including doing your homework, making cakes, talking about the weather, or discussing your hobbies, to name just a few.
The weird aspect of hacer is that it reduces two English verbs into one Spanish verb. It’s similar to what happens with the verb “to be,” which in Spanish translates as two different verbs: ser and estar. At first, this sounds strange to someone who’s just learning the language, but once you understand the underlying logic of the verb, it all makes sense.
Let me try to explain it from the perspective of a native Spanish speaker. For us, when you do your homework or you make a snowman, it’s the same thing. You are creating something that wasn’t there before, either the answers in your notebook or a man made of snow. You hacer something; that’s why in Spanish we don’t differentiate between doing and making.
Hacer: An Irregular Verb
As an irregular verb, hacer doesn’t follow the most common pattern of conjugations in Spanish. Actually, the hacer conjugation follows a very unique pattern that it only shares with other verbs derived from itself, such as deshacer (to undo) or rehacer (to redo).
Due to its conjugation behavior, hacer is a stem-changing verb. This means that the base of the verb, or stem, changes when the verb is conjugated. In this case, the a in the stem of hacer changes to e or i, and the c changes to z or g, depending on the conjugation.
Like most sets of conjugations of Spanish irregular verbs, the hacer conjugations will take some time to master. One of the peculiarities of the Spanish language is that verb conjugations vary depending on the mood, tense and subject.
Sometimes, conjugation becomes quite a challenge for new learners of the language, but my advice is not to worry about it. Try to learn them and memorize them if possible, but the most important step in the process is to practice them. With practice, the conjugations will start coming at you naturally, and you’ll develop a feeling for when a conjugation sounds wrong or might not be correct.
Before starting with the actual hacer conjugations, let’s first take a look at its verbals.
Verbals are unconjugated forms of verbs, and to be used in a sentence, they need another verb that is conjugated. Infinitive, gerund, and participle are the three verbals that exist in the Spanish language.
|Infinitive||hacer (to do, to make)||No tengo nada que hacer. – I have nothing to do.|
|Gerund||haciendo (doing, making)||Estaba haciendo la tarea, cuando llegaste. – I was doing my homework when you arrived.|
|Participle||hecho (done, made)||Hecho en México. – Made in Mexico.|
Hacer Conjugation: Indicative Mood
To start with the hacer conjugations, let’s focus on the five simple tenses of the indicative mood, and then we’ll explore the five compound tenses of this same mood. The compound tenses include the auxiliary verb haber (to have).
Hacer Conjugation: Simple Tenses of the Indicative Mood
|(do, does – make, makes)||(did – made)||(did, made)||(would did – would made)||(will do – will make)|
Hacer Conjugation: Compound Tenses of the Indicative Mood
|Subject||Present Perfect||Preterite Perfect||Past Perfect (Pluperfect)||Conditional Perfect||Future Perfect|
|(have/has done – have/has made)||(had done – had made)||(had done – had made)||(would have done – would have made)||(will have done – will have made)|
|yo||he hecho||hube hecho||había hecho||habría hecho||habré hecho|
|tú||has hecho||hubiste hecho||habías hecho||habrías hecho||habrás hecho|
|él/ella||ha hecho||hubo hecho||había hecho||habría hecho||habrá hecho|
|nosotros||hemos hecho||hubimos hecho||habíamos hecho||habríamos hecho||habremos hecho|
|ustedes||han hecho||hubieron hecho||habían hecho||habrían hecho||habrán hecho|
|ellos/ellas||han hecho||hubieron hecho||habían hecho||habrían hecho||habrán hecho|
Hacer Conjugation: Subjunctive Mood
In Spanish, the subjunctive mood expresses hopes, wishes, and desires. Sometimes this mood gets a bit tricky, so it’s really important to get its conjugations right.
Hacer Conjugation: Simple Tenses of the Subjunctive Mood
Hacer Conjugation: Compound Tenses of the Subjunctive Mood
|Subject||Present Perfect||Past Perfect (Pluperfect)||Past Perfect 2 (Pluperfect 2)||Future Perfect|
|yo||haya hecho||hubiera hecho||hubiese hecho||hubiere hecho|
|tú||hayas hecho||hubieras hecho||hubieses hecho||hubieres hecho|
|él/ella||haya hecho||hubiera hecho||hubiese hecho||hubiere hecho|
|nosotros||hayamos hecho||hubiéramos hecho||hubiésemos hecho||hubiéremos hecho|
|ustedes||hayan hecho||hubieran hecho||hubiesen hecho||hubieren hecho|
|ellos/ellas||hayan hecho||hubieran hecho||hubiesen hecho||hubieren hecho|
Hacer Conjugation: Imperative Mood
In Spanish, we use the imperative mood to give orders or commands, which can be affirmative or negative. Because you can’t give an order to yourself or to a third person, this mood has fewer subjects to conjugate.
Hacer Conjugation: Imperative Mood
|(do – make/let’s do – let’s make)||(don’t do – don’t make
/let’s not do – let’s not make)
Hacer Conjugation: Exercises
Fill in the blank using the right conjugation of hacer:
- ¡ ________________ tu tarea! – Do your homework!.
- ________________ lo que me dijiste. – I did what you said.
- Mañana _______________ un pastel en mi casa. – Tomorrow, we’ll make a cake in my house.
- Ojalá _____________ un buen trabajo este presidente – I hope this president will do a good job.
- Si no ________________ ese proyecto, habría reprobado. – If I hadn’t done that project, I would have failed.
- ________________ un buen trabajo. – I’ve done a good job.
- ¿Qué ________________ aquí? – What are you doing here?
- Si pudiera, yo lo _______________ . – If I could, I would do it.
- El año pasado, mis hermanos ________________ un viaje a Sudamérica. – Last year, my brothers took a trip to South America.
- Raúl _____________ su cama antes de irse. – Raul made his bed before leaving.
¡Haz un Nuevo Amigo!
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