A Complete List of Gods in Spanish
Gods are an important part of humanity’s existence. History has proven that it’s impossible to live without them, as the divine is visible in most cultures throughout many periods.
No matter if you are a person of faith or not, recognizing the impact that these powerful characters have on morale and human behavior is essential for comprehending human nature and free will.
Join me in this interesting blog post as I dive deep into a long list of Gods in Spanish, their impact on societies, and the influence they have on people’s lives.
What Are Gods and Why Are They Important?
Los Dioses y Diosas (Gods and Goddesses) are supernatural beings worshipped and venerated by humanity as a part of their religion or culture.
Since ancient times, humans depend on a larger force for everyday tasks and guidance. The divine figure of God originated within the human mind as a way to explain the rationally inexplicable, given the need to understand certain phenomena that surround the human race. The existence of Gods also serves to justify our existence on Earth and how all life was created.
The existence of Gods is even more complex than explaining supernatural events and the inexplicable, as the concept has evolved side by side to humans. While the majority of Gods were considered immortal with powerful qualities, ancient civilizations also believed that Gods and Goddesses had human traits and behaviors, such as weaknesses and strengths.
In ancient Greece, they believed that humans and Gods shared with one other and coexisted together, often leading to the procreation of Semidioses (Demigods).
The long list of Gods that has existed since ancient times has served the purpose of guiding human social life, while supporting the principle of authority. More importantly, the list of Gods and Goddesses has helped us define the concepts of good and evil and a constant search of good according to one’s religion.
The Existence of Gods Brings Hope
Following humanity’s question of where do we come from, the immediate concern of where we are going appears. Is there life after death? Or are humans meant to transcend?
Believing in Gods gives us hope that there is an eternity waiting for us. It gives us strength, wisdom, and will to face obstacles and challenges. It allows us to accept things beyond our control with tolerance and receptive attitude, putting aside pride, bad habits, vice, and negative thoughts.
A Long List of Gods in Spanish
Ancient religions stand out for being politeístas (polytheistic), meaning they believe in more than one deity—often, in several. These ancient deities, either Dioses or Diosas (Goddesses), would frequently represent forces of nature or ancient principles and were thought to require certain actions and offerings from humans in order to favor them.
Polytheistic Religions: List of Gods in Spanish
Known polytheistic religions that have a long list of Gods date back to Greek and Roman Mythology, ancient Egypt, Hinduism, and prehispanic cultures from Mesoamerica like the Aztecs, Mayans, and Incas. Let’s take a look at this list of Gods in Spanish from ancient religions and times.
List of Gods of Ancient Greece
Zeus was believed to be el Dios del trueno (the God of thunder) and father of all Gods and humans. He defeated his father, the titan Kronos, and saved the Greeks from his immeasurable power and wrath. This led Zeus to become the master and ruler of the heavens and of Mount Olympus, home of the Gods in the sky. Greek myths categorize Zeus as one of a long list of Gods that procreated multiple children with humans and other Goddesses.
Other religions and myths have similar deities to Zeus that also depict a power over thunder and mankind. Although not as popular as Zeus, I think it’s important to mention them briefly in this list of Gods:
- Tor (Germanic mythology)
- Taranis (Celtic mythology)
- Perún (Slavic mythology)
- Perkūnas (Baltic mythology)
Hefesto was considered to be el Dios del fuego (the God of fire). He was believed to forge all the weapons of the gods of Olympus and was worshiped by artisans, blacksmiths, carpenters, and sculptors of Athens.
Atenea is believed to have been a daughter of Zeus. She was deeply respected and worshiped, and was considered to be the Goddess of wisdom and fairness. Mortal heroes of ancient Greece would turn to Atenea for council and guidance.
Poseidón is the brother of Zeus, who saved him from being devoured by the titan Kronos. He was believed to be the ruler of the seas and oceans, and carried a trident as a symbol of his power.
Hares was the brother of Zeus and Poseidón. He joins the list of Gods of Greek Mythology, as the ruler of the underworld known as Tartarus. Due to his role Hares was often associated with evil, but instead, he was rather altruistic and balanced; never favoring anyone but maintaining a neutral posture among conflicts.
Afrodita was the Goddess of love and beauty. She symbolizes passion and was believed to have been born an adult in the ocean. In Greek mythology, Afrodita was the object of desire of other deities like Zeus and Hefesto.
Apolo was a son of Zeus and represented the sun in Greek mythology. He was a God that brought disease and plague as a punishment to humanity, also bringing along their cure and protection. It’s believed he served an important role in the Trojan War.
Artemisa was the twin sister of Apolo and a daughter of Zeus. She was the Goddess of wild animals, hunting, and unexplored terrains. She was believed to comfort pregnant mortal women when they gave birth, easing their pain and accompanying them during the process. Artemisa received from her father the gift of being an eternal virgin, which would lead to a list of Gods around her to insist on gaining her affection.
List of Gods of Ancient Rome
Júpiter was the father of all Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Rome. He was recognized as the lord of the heavens and the one who administered justice. Júpiter is associated with symbols like a thunderbolt, an eagle, and scepter.
Neptuno was considered the God of the oceans and seas for the Romans and was ruler of all aquatic creatures and wildlife. Neptuno, like Poseidón, is believed to have carried a trident as a symbol of power.
Baco is a highly controversial figure in the list of Gods worshiped in ancient Rome. He was considered the God of wine and dancing, reason why in his depictions you’ll find him carrying a wine glass and grapes. Baco was celebrated in secret, underground festivals, known as bacanales. These parties of huge proportion included considerable amounts of alcohol, lust, and unruliness.
List of Gods from Asia and Africa
Anu was the God of heaven of Mesopotamia. He is considered the father of all Mesopotamian Gods and founder of the divine dynasty. He’s one of the most ancient deities on this list of Gods. Followers of Anu were sovereigns and rulers, who claimed their power was a divine gift from him—making them the only ones worthy of worshipping him.
Pangu is considered a highly powerful Chinese God and creator of the world and life on earth according to Taoísm. He is believed to have brought order to a world of chaos and destruction by dividing Ying and Yang. Pangu is depicted as a hairy giant with horns in his head.
Osiris was considered the God of the underworld by the Egyptian ancient civilization. He symbolized resurrection and fertility. He was believed to materialize as a green mummy with one eye on a throne. According to scholars, he taught humans how to live in peace, enjoy music, how to grow barley to produce beer, and grapes to produce wine.
Fun Fact: Today the name Osiris, has become highly popular in Spanish-speaking countries like Mexico.
Isis was the Goddess of magic, life, death, and mother of all Egyptians. She was considered a carer of women and children. Isis was depicted as a woman with wings with a throne on her head. She was both the wife and sister of Osiris.
Shiva is known to be the father of Yoga and Tantra in Hinduism. He controls all supernatural forces in the universe and has dominion over the elements. Shiva is depicted as a man with blue skin and three eyes on his forehead.
Brama is believed in Hinduism as the creator God of the universe and absolute being. He’s physically depicted as a man with four heads and four arms.
Vishnu is attributed the gift of protection, godness, care, creation, and destruction of the universe according to Hinduism. Vishnu along with Brama and Shiva is part of the Hindu divine triad.
List of Gods from Mesoamerica
Chaac was one among a long list of Gods and Mayan deities. Chaac was believed to be the God of rain and was highly venerated with offerings and even sacrifices, as rain was key in agriculture. If you ever get a chance to visit Chichen Itzá or the majestic city of Tikal, you’ll be able to find several masks and architectural representations of Chaac.
Quetzalcoatl, also known as Kukulcán was the God of life for the Mayan and Aztecs. He’s known as a feathered snake that resembles the Quetzal bird. Depictions of Quetzalcoatl are kept in museums and ancient Mayan cities.
Viracocha was considered the God and creator of the universe by the Inca civilization. He was depicted as a tall, blonde, white man; uncommon physical traits among Inca people.
Pachamama was known as the mother and Goddess of the earth and fertility. She was a protector and provider for the Inca people and required offerings from her worshipers, otherwise she would punish them with disease.
Monotheistic Religions: List of Gods in Spanish
Other and newer religions like Catholicism, Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are monoteístas (monotheistic), meaning they only believe in one God or deity. Their version of God is attributed the creation of the whole universe and is omnipotent, omnipresent, and omniscient.
Rastafarians believe that the Ethiopian emperor Haile Selassie the first is the incarnation of God or Yahvé; often referring to him as Jah. When Haile Selassie was alive, he advocated for African unification, although he backed up many of the beliefs of Rastafarianism, he never considered himself a Rasta.
Alá is the God and creator of life in Islam. Muslims follow his teachings in the book of the Corán (Quran). According to Islam, the prophet Mahoma (Muhammad) compiled the teachings of Alá and dedicated his life to preaching his faith.
Dios Todopoderoso y Eterno (Almighty and Eternal God)
Dios todopoderoso y eterno is the name given by the absolute creator of the universe by Catholics, Christians, Jehova’s witnesses, and other religions that originate from Judaism and ancient Israel.
After the colonization of the Americas, Christianism became the main religion and forced Mesoamerica’s prehispanic civilizations to convert and abandon their polytheistic ways. Dios has different names that are taken from the ancient and new testaments of the bible. Other names used in replacement of Dios that I want to include in this list of Gods are:
- El Shaddai
- El Elyon
Tell Me Your Thoughts!
What do you think of this long list of Gods in Spanish? Were you aware of the large amount of Gods humanity once believed in? What do you think of humanity’s long history of Gods and Goddesses? I would love to hear your thoughts after reading this blog post. Leave a comment below and tell me what you’re thinking.
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