Spanish Grammar Exercises for Beginners with Answer Keys
If you’re looking for quality Spanish grammar exercises for beginners, you’ve come to the right place!
Learning and practicing Spanish grammar is very important in achieving fluency.
One thing is speaking the language in a basic mode and with a limited vocabulary.
But a whole different thing is understanding how the language is built and using your grammar knowledge to improve your language skills.
Keep reading to learn why you should do Spanish grammar exercises for beginners and to test your Spanish grammar in four crucial topics.
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Why You Should Do Spanish Grammar Exercises
Studying grammar isn’t the most attractive thing when learning a new language.
It has a bad reputation, as most people just want to speak the language and be able to understand it. However, grammar is the glue that keeps the whole language together.
You may be able to speak a limited version of Spanish if you don’t study its grammar, but you’ll never achieve true fluency without digging deep into the details.
That’s why taking at least some grammar lessons is so important. However, we also recommend you familiarize yourself with the basics or the most important rules and find worksheets to take your Spanish practice to the next level.
Spanish Grammar Exercises for Beginners
When studying Spanish for beginners, some specific topics are crucial to learning the basics of the language.
Things that will later become the base where you can keep building up and adding even more complex elements of the Spanish language.
For this grammar lesson, I’ve chosen useful Spanish grammar exercises for beginners about articles (gendered nouns), adjectives (gender and number), ser and estar verbs, and other verb conjugations.
Are you ready to test yourself?
Articles (Gendered Nouns)
Basically, every noun in Spanish is either feminine or masculine, and that gender determines several parts of the sentence. For example, the articles.
The articles will vary according to the gender of the noun but also to its number (singular, plural). Finally, there are artículos determinados (el, la, los, las) which translate simply as “the”, and artículos indeterminados (un, una, unos, unas) which translate as “a,” “an,” or “a few.”
In these Spanish grammar exercises for beginners choose the correct article according to the information of the context.
1. _____ perros son grandes.
2. _____ mesa es blanca.
3. Vimos _____ gata muy bonita.
4. Me comí _____ sándwich en la escuela.
5. _____ domingo iremos al estadio.
Adjectives (Gender and Number)
As you may know, adjectives are one of the 9 parts of speech, and their function is to describe nouns.
They do much more than that. They bring detail and creativity to your conversations.
Adjectives also exist in English, making it easier to understand their function. However, while adjectives appear before the noun in English, in Spanish, they usually come after the noun (although there are exceptions to this rule).
Another important characteristic of adjectives is that they’re affected by the gender and number of nouns and adapt accordingly to the context.
In the following section of Spanish grammar exercises for beginners, try to find out the correct form of the adjective.
1. La casa de Mario es __________ .
2. El carro __________ de Erika es un Ferrari.
3. Los nuevos uniformes del Real Madrid están __________ .
4. Tu camisa está muy __________ .
5. La fiesta de Marco estuvo muy __________ .
Ser & Estar
The English verb “to be” has two different translations in Spanish: ser and estar.
Each one is used in different situations, and this situation tends to give headaches to new learners of the Spanish language.
As a general rule, you should use ser for permanent stuff, such as someone’s characteristics, and use estar for temporary things, such as locations and moods.
However, there’s always an exception to the rule, and it doesn’t apply all the time.
For a more thorough explanation of the differences between the Spanish verbs ser and estar, I strongly recommend you to read Ser vs Estar Master Grammar Guide: Conjugations, Usage, and Transformative Adjectives. In that article, we explain in detail when to use each of these all-important verbs.
In the next batch of Spanish grammar exercises for beginners, try to guess which verb should be used and its right conjugation.
1. Miguel _____ mexicano.
2. Yo _____ en la escuela.
3. Mónica y Karla _____ hermanas.
4. Madrid _____ una ciudad hermosa.
5. Tus zapatos nuevos _____ muy bonitos.
Other Verbs Conjugations
Last but not least, here is another of the most hated Spanish grammar topics by new language learners: verb conjugations.
The thing is that in Spanish, every verb has a lot of different conjugations that vary depending on the person who is doing the action and the tense (and there are a lot of tenses!).
What makes it more complicated is that there are regular verbs that at least follow a pattern, but there also are irregular verbs that behave in a very erratic way, to say the least.
It’s not a surprise that students struggle initially with this topic.
But don’t worry. After the initial shock passes, most new Spanish learners quickly grasp the way verbs work in this language.
In these final Spanish grammar exercises for beginners, try to find the correct verb conjugation.
1. Todos los días _____ (ir – presente) al parque a correr.
2. Ayer _____ (comer – pretérito) tacos al pastor.
3. Los niños _____ (jugar – presente) fútbol en la calle.
4. Mañana _____ (hablar – futuro) con los abuelos.
5. Juan _____ (cantar – presente) muy bien.
Now check how you did on these Spanish grammar exercises for beginners using the following answer key.
Ser & Estar
Other Verbs Conjugations
Practice Your Spanish Grammar and Take Your Language Skills to the Next Level
Remember that grammar matters and practice makes perfect.
Keep practicing with Spanish grammar exercises for beginners like the ones in this lesson, and soon you’ll see improvement in your language skills.
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