38 Regular -IR and -ER Verbs in Spanish You Can Master Today
Regular IR and ER verbs in Spanish are similar to AR verbs. They are considered regular because when conjugated, their root form doesn’t change.
IR and ER verbs in Spanish are fairly simple to master. They are conjugated almost exactly like the regular AR verbs in Spanish, so if you’ve mastered those, you shouldn’t have any problem with these. But it’s always good to review and practice these common and useful verbs.
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How To Conjugate IR And ER Verbs in Spanish
In Spanish, there are three categories of verbs. The category is determined by the last two letters of the infinitive, which is the base form of the verb. In Spanish, all infinitives end in -ar, -er, or –ir:
- -ar verbs (like cantar)
- -er verbs (like comer)
- -ir verbs (like vivir)
To conjugate a verb is to change the infinitive so that it agrees with the subject, mood, and tense of a sentence.
For example, to form the verb comer, we remove the ER part of the verb and add the ending -í, -iste, -ió, -imos, and –ieron. The yo and él/ella/usted verbs in the preterit tense all have accent marks.
Here’s what it looks like:
Here’s a blog post on how to memorize conjugations in Spanish that you can use to help you speak Spanish fluently.
38 Regular IR And ER Verbs in Spanish
The following IR and ER verbs in Spanish will give you an idea of how useful and practical these verbs are. The best way to practice verbs is by memorizing their conjugation slowly and steadily. I like to keep it simple, so I chose the most common and easy IR and ER verbs in Spanish so that you can start practicing them today! Let’s get right into it.
1. Absorber: to absorb
Las esponjas son buenas para absorber líquido.
Sponges are good at absorbing liquid.
2. Aprehender: to apprehend
Se necesita a la policía para aprehender al ladrón.
You need the police to apprehend the thief.
3. Aprender: to learn
Estoy emocionada por aprender español.
I’m excited to learn Spanish.
4. Beber: to drink, sip
Tengo que beber más agua pura.
I have to drink more water.
5. Comer: to eat
Me gusta comer pasta.
I like to eat pasta.
6. Comprender: to comprehend, understand
Le cuesta comprender matemáticas.
It’s hard for him/her to comprehend math.
7. Deber: to owe, to ought to
Es mejor no deber dinero en el banco.
It’s best not to owe money to the bank.
8. Depender: to depend
Los niños tienen que depender de los padres.
Kids have to depend on their parents.
9. Esconder: to hide
Los niños son buenos para esconder cosas.
Kids are good at hiding things.
10. Exceder: to exceed
No debes exceder la velocidad máxima.
You shouldn’t exceed the speed limit.
11. Meter: to insert, put in
Debes meter todos los crayones en su caja.
You should put the crayons in their box.
12. Prometer: to promise
No debes prometer lo que no puedes cumplir.
You shouldn’t make promises you can’t keep.
13. Romper: to break, break up with, tear
Vas a romper la puerta si la somatas.
You are going to break the door if you slam it.
14. Sorprender: to surprise
Me gusta sorprender a las personas en su cumpleaños.
I like to surprise people on their birthday.
15. Tejer: to crochet, weave, knit, braid
A mi mamá le gusta tejer.
My mom likes to knit.
16. Temer: to fear, be afraid of
No hay que temer a la oscuridad.
You shouldn’t fear the darkness.
17. Toser: to cough
Hay que cubrirse la boca al toser.
You should cover your mouth when you cough.
18. Vender: to sell, vend
A él le gusta vender libros viejos.
He likes to sell old books.
19. Abrir: to open
Abre la puerta, por favor.
Please open the door.
20. Aburrir: to bore, be boring
Hay que preparar actividades o los niños se van a aburrir.
We should prepare activities or the kids will get bored.
21. Asistir: to attend (classes)
No voy a asistir al concierto.
I won’t attend the concert.
22. Confundir: to confuse, confound, mess things up royally
No hay que confundir a los estudiantes al explicar la solución al problema.
You shouldn’t confuse students when explaining the solution to a problem.
23. Decidir: to decide
Tengo que decidir qué hacer con mi vida.
I have to decide what to do with my life.
24. Definir: to define or choose
Deben definir la fecha de su boda.
They have to choose a wedding date.
25. Dividir: to divide or split
Tengo que dividir mi tiempo entre dos trabajos.
I have to divide my time between two jobs.
26. Escribir: to write
Me gusta escribir lo que siento.
I like to write what I feel.
27. Existir: to exist
Es un privilegio existir en esta época moderna.
It’s a privilege to exist in the modern age.
28. Imprimir: to print
Voy a imprimir mi ensayo.
I will print my essay.
29. Insistir: to insist
Cuando pido un favor no me gusta insistir mucho.
If I ask for a favor, I don’t like to insist too much.
30. Invadir: to invade
Muchos creen que extraterrestres van a invadir la tierra.
Many people believe extraterrestrials will invade Earth.
31. Ocurrir: to occur
Un accidente puede ocurrir en cualquier momento.
An accident can occur at any time.
32. Percibir: to perceive
Soy buena para percibir lo que otros sienten.
I’m good at perceiving what others are feeling.
33. Persuadir: to persuade
No soy buena para persuadir a la gente.
I’m not good at persuading people.
34. Prohibir: to prohibit, forbid, ban
Van a prohibir salir después de las 9:00 p.m.
They are going to prohibit people from going out after 9:00 p.m.
35. Recibir: to receive
Me encanta recibir regalos.
I love to receive gifts.
36. Subir: to rise, climb, go up, board
Tengo que subir a traer mi teléfono.
I have to go upstairs to get my phone.
37. Transmitir: to transmit
El virus se puede transmitir fácilmente.
The virus can easily be transmitted.
38. Unir: to unite
Esta experiencia los va a unir.
This experience will unite them.
Practice IR And ER Verbs in Spanish
Now it’s your turn to create your own sentences with IR and ER verbs in Spanish! The only way to learn is by practicing. See how many of these verbs you can remember after going through them and create a story.
With these IR and ER verbs in Spanish on hand, you can express different actions and learn to conjugate each and every verb.
Think of IR and ER verbs in Spanish as a great way to say what you and others are doing around you. Try to describe what you see using as many regular IR and ER verbs in Spanish as possible. Which ones are the easiest for you to remember?
Want to practice more and take your Spanish to the next level? Sign up for a free class today and talk to a native Spanish speaker from Guatemala.
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